Hyperopia, also known as farsightedness, is a common vision problem affecting more and more people. It occurs when the eyeball is too short, or the cornea is too flat, causing light rays to focus behind the retina instead of on it. This results in blurry vision when looking at close objects, while distant objects remain clear.
The condition is usually hereditary, and it can affect both children and adults. While it may not cause any significant problems in some people, severe cases can lead to eyestrain, headaches, and difficulty in performing close-up tasks such as reading and writing.
Hyperopia can be detected through comprehensive eye exams, which will show the degree of the error in your vision.
Common symptoms associated with hyperopia include:
- Difficulty seeing up-close objects
- Frequent eye strain, especially after reading or other activities that require extended visual focus
- Blurred vision when looking at objects up close
- Eyestrain, discomfort or headaches after performing close up tasks for prolonged periods
Treatment options and prevention
Hyperopia can be treated through various methods, including the use of corrective lenses, such as eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery.
Wearing corrective lenses, like glasses or contacts, will help bend the light rays reaching your eyes so that they fall directly onto the retina for clearer vision. Refractive surgery, on the other hand, is typically reserved for people with severe cases of hyperopia and is done by reshaping the cornea using lasers.
While hyperopia cannot be prevented, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing the condition, such as regular eye exams and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
If you are experiencing difficulty with close up tasks, it is essential to have an eye exam to determine if you have hyperopia. Early detection is key to managing the long-term effects of the condition, and seeking help is an essential step towards maintaining your visual health.
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